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What is project management?


Project management is the science (and art) of organizing and integrating the components of a project, Project management focuses on controlling the introduction of the desired change. This involves:

Understanding the needs of stakeholders

Planning what needs to be done, when, by whom, and to what standards.

Building and motivating the team.

Coordinating the work of different people.

Monitoring work being done.

Managing any changes to the plan.

Delivering successful results.

 

The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK)

 

The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) is a collection of processes and knowledge areas generally accepted as best practice within the project management discipline.

As an internationally recognized standard (IEEE Std 1490-2003) it provides the fundamentals of project management, irrespective of the type of project be it construction, software, engineering, automotive etc.

PMBOK recognizes 5 basic process groups and 9 knowledge areas typical of almost all projects. The basic concepts are applicable to projects, programs and operations. The five basic process groups are:

- Initiating

- Planning

- Executing

- Monitoring and Controlling

- Closing

 

Processes overlap and interact throughout a project or phase. Processes are described in terms of:

* Inputs (documents, plans, designs, etc.)

* Tools and Techniques (mechanisms applied to inputs)

* Outputs (documents, products, etc.)

 

The nine knowledge areas are:

1- Project Integration Management

2- Project Scope Management

3- Project Time Management

4- Project Cost Management

5- Project Quality Management

6- Project Human Resource Management

7- Project Communications Management

8- Project Risk Management

9- Project Procurement Management

 

Each knowledge area contains some or all of the project management processes.